World Watch List Rank 19
World Watch List Score 73/100
Leader President Win Myint
Population 54.3 million I 4,322,000
Main Religion Buddhism
Government Parliamentary Republic
WWL Rank in 2019 19
Persecution Level Very High Persecution

Buddhism is the dominant religion in Myanmar. Many Buddhist groups pressure minorities, such as Muslims and Christians, to leave the country to keep Myanmar ‘pure’. Thousands of Christians have also been displaced due to civil war.

Most Christians are extremely poor, especially in rural areas. They can get stuck in the cycle of poverty due to ethnic and religious discrimination. They are denied education and employment opportunities. In some Buddhist-dominated communities, Christians are excluded from communal decisions and resources. Some are even unable to access water. Christians can be harassed, threatened, and forced to leave their homes.

Churches are monitored and church leaders are targeted by extremists in order to stop the church from growing. In September 2018, a Communist paramilitary group closed more than 60 churches and detained over 100 church leaders.


"The Muslims in the village still wanted to kill me. One day, they came to do just that. They attacked me but some believers shielded me from harm. Another night, Muslims surrounded my home while I was sleeping and pelted stones on our roof."

Amod is on the run. He's from the Rohingya (Muslim) tribe and converted to Christianity after 33 years as a Muslim. Christians from the Rohingya tribe are doubly disadvantaged. The country refuses to acknowledge Rohingyas, saying they are Bengali immigrants. Bangladesh, on the other hand, says they're indigenous to Myanmar. In addition, the Rohingya tribe rejects Christians who've converted from Islam.

Amod applied for permission to create a church for Rohingya believers, but was refused. After that he was hounded so much that he eventually took his family to Bangladesh - but life was no easier there. So, with seven Christian Rohingya households they fled to India, where they continued to be pursued from town to town. Amod maintains his witness and pastors the families who are now scattered. His vision is to see 500,000 Rohingyas come to Christ before he dies.

The majority of Myanmar's people are of Burmese or 'Bama' ethnicity - which equates with being Buddhist - and the outgoing government has used this sense of heritage to unite and 'protect the nation'. As a result, religious nationalist movements in Myanmar are growing and even fuelled by politicians, rather than curbed. For instance, the movement of radical Buddhist monks called '969', which the outgoing government tacitly supported. Laws for the protection of religion and race were adopted in August 2015 due in part to demands by the '969'. These aim to restrict interfaith marriages, limit conversions, ban polygamy and introduce birth control - and were supported with more than one million signatures from citizens across the country.Most Christians come from an ethnic minority background and are targeted because of this. Many face attacks by the army as it fights against independence or autonomy movements. All kinds of Christians are closely monitored in Myanmar - even Christians coming from a Burmese (Bama) background are watched, pressured and labelled as traitors.

Though free and fair elections give a ray of hope for Christians, the army's policy of placing pressure on Christians is unlikely to cease in the near future, especially as the army increased its attacks on minorities despite the recent election period. The army in Myanmar holds one quarter of government seats without contest and will do everything to stay in power, including calling on Buddhist nationalism and tribal heritage, if needed.


Through local partners and churches, Open Doors strengthens persecuted believers in Myanmar through:

  • Literature distribution
  • Discipleship programmes
  • Pastoral and leadership training
  • Livelihood support.


  • That persecuted Christian minorities would lovingly minister to other persecuted minorities, like the Rohingya Muslims
  • That Christian converts from Islam or Buddhism would have the courage to endure pressure from their families, friends and neighbours to recant their faith
  • For Open Doors partners supporting believers through literature distribution, discipleship programmes, pastoral and leadership training, and livelihood support.


Minority Christians in Buddhist Myanmar

21st Oct 2020

Found in Podcast

 Many people associate Myanmar with the Rohingya Refugee Crisis. But the Christian minority in Myanmar is also heavily persecuted. Listen in to hear about…

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Providing COVID Relief in Myanmar

08th Oct 2020

Found in Prayer News

A young boy ran and took his ration of rice with happiness. Excited, he barely paused in his run home when the local pastor and…

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"They attacked us but we did not die."

21st Jul 2020

Found in Featured Story

First you see the motorbikes. Brown and dusty, piled on top of each other. Then a man passes a loose electrical cord hanging from the roof. He…

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Myanmar: Young Christians give up jobs to help fight COVID-19

30th Jun 2020

Found in Prayer News

Young volunteers in Myanmar have responded to an appeal by the National Youth Commission, inviting them to become part of helping their country in the…

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