|World Watch List Rank||World Watch List Score|
|President Uhuru Kenyatta||50.9 million | 41.6 million Christians|
|WWL Rank in 2018||Persecution Level|
|32||Very High Persecution|
The majority of persecution in Kenya is driven by Islamic extremist group, al-Shabaab. Based in Somalia, they have killed Christians, destroyed churches and forced Christians to flee their homes.
Converts from Islam to Christianity face severe pressure from their families, including forced marriages, harassment of children, loss of inheritance and being disowned. In some places, it can be dangerous to build or meet in a church. Officials often do not investigate properly when Christians are attacked.
Fred was one of the students at the university in Garissa, attacked by al-Shabaab militants on 2 April 2015. "As I hid under the bed, I could hear the gunshots and screams of fellow students. After some time things went quiet, but I did not move."
Two attackers entered the room where Fred was hiding. "They sat on the beds, changed their rifle magazines, and then shot at the walls to test them before going out to resume the killings. I stayed there for long - I do not know how long - but was eventually rescued by a Kenya Defense Force officer."
Fred escaped death because he missed his Christian Union prayer meeting that morning. There were usually around 70 people at their prayer meetings. "Yet on that day, for reasons that can only be regarded as God's intervention, about 50 members gave it a miss. Sadly, all 22 who went to pray died there."
Until recently, there was no history of religious conflict, and Christians and Muslims appeared to co-exist in relative peace. However, with radical Islam spilling over into Kenya from Somalia, this has changed.In the areas of Kenya where Islam is dominant, Christians are frequently targeted by radical Muslims. Some churches have installed metal detectors for fear of suicide bombers, or hired armed police to guard their services. Church attendance has diminished, not only out of fear of attack, but because individuals have been warned by extremists not to go.
Life for Christians in Kenya is also affected in other more subtle ways. In the Muslim-majority northeast of Kenya, Christians are denied burial spaces. One of the biggest media houses is owned by Muslims and is used to portray Christians negatively and promote an Islamic agenda. Even as Muslims are raising their voices, Christians feel that they are being silenced by an increasingly secular government, pushing through policies on education and gender that force the church to bend or break.
Open Doors has been working in Kenya through local partners and churches since the early 2000s, offering support to churches in the volatile Islam-dominated northeastern border and coastal regions. Open Doors assists in the following areas: