|World Watch List Rank||World Watch List Score|
|President Abdul Hamid||164,828,000 (866,000 Christians)|
|Source of Persecution||Persecution Level|
|Islamic extremism||High Persecution|
Four Christians were murdered in 2016 amidst a string of killings of religious minorities, secularists and political activists by Islamist militants - some with links to so-called Islamic State. Converts from Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism come under pressure from their families and communities to reconvert. Some experience unemployment, divorce, threats and even violence - such as rape - when their faith becomes known.
In July 2016, a number of Christian shop, restaurant, hotels and other business owners were threatened with death by radical Islamic groups if they did not comply with a list of eight rules. The rules included removing paintings or images of their own religion, only playing Islamic music, banning women not wearing a hijab or burka from working there, and inscribing the invocation 'Bismillah Rahman Rahim' (which can be translated as: 'in the name of Allah, the Clement, the Merciful') over the business entrances.
Next to its internal power struggles, Bangladesh faces a very real and serious threat from militant Islamist groups. The largest of these groups, Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen (JMB) and the Ansarullah Bangla Team (ABT), have claimed responsibility for a number of politically and religiously targeted killings, and have also made links with the so-called Islamic State (IS).
Though Bangladesh has a secular government and its secularism is laid down in the country's constitution, at the same time the consitution declares that Islam is the state religion.Religious conversion is not forbidden by law, but pressure to recant the Christian faith is exerted by family, friends and neighbours. There have been several reports of Christians having to give up their shops or businesses due to the pressure by the Muslim majority. Converts themselves are isolated from their family frequently, and registration of converts' children is problematical as in most cases they are automatically registered as Muslims.
Churches, especially house churches where believers from a Muslim background meet, prefer not to display any Christian symbols in order to avoid being recognised. Sometimes, even historic or mainline churches face opposition and restrictions in putting up a cross or other religious symbols.
Christians in Bangladesh contend with the reality of persecution every day. Open Doors works together with local churches to supports persecuted believers through: